Taking care of your health is not necessarily dependent on your current age. Regardless of your age, you have to put in some effort to keep yourself healthy. In addition to adopting healthy habits and maintaining a good diet, part of staying healthy also includes getting the right screening tests that can detect underlying health issues while they are still treatable.
If you don't know what type of screening to do before to reduce the risk of it becoming lifelong or later proving fatal, here is a list of medical tests to prevent serious illnesses:
1 Pelvic exam and smear
Women aged 21 years or older should have a pelvic exam or smear every 3 years to check for signs of cervical cancer. However, you may no longer need to do the physical pelvic exam because the death rate from this disease has decreased significantly.
How effective is a smear test?
There is a 74% decrease from the smear. Just like pelvic exams, Pap smear also looks for changes in cells that indicate whether further research like a biopsy is needed. It is best to have these medical tests done to prevent serious diseases such as cervical cancer from being performed early.
2 Cholesterol Tests
A cholesterol test always involves a blood test your doctor may ask you not to eat almost 9-12 hours before the test. A cholesterol test generally measures the levels of your HDL or good cholesterol, LDL or bad cholesterol and triglycerides. 200 mg / dL should be the ideal healthy total cholesterol target.
It is best for all adults over the age of 35 to have their cholesterol checked every 5 years. However, if you already have certain risk factors, screening should begin at age 20. These factors include:
- BMI over 30
- A family history of stroke
- Close relatives who had heart attacks